Americans for Free Trade, a coalition of more than 160 economic organizations, wrote a letter to Trump in August 2019 calling for all tariff increases on Chinese products to be deferred, citing concerns about rising costs for U.S. producers and farmers. The coalition includes the National Retail Federation, consumer technology association, Association of Equipment Manufacturers, Toy Association and American Petroleum Institute.  Economic analyst Zachary Karabell argued that the government`s customs approach would not work because it “would not reverse what has already been entrusted and would do little to meet the challenge of today`s China, which is no longer a producer neophyte,” and also argued that the assertion that stricter protection of intellectual property “would open up the conditions of competition.  Instead, he recommended that the United States focus on its relative benefits of economic openness and a culture of independence.  June 16, 2018: China revises its initial customs list (25 percent to 106 products) of a 25 percent tariff to 545 products (worth $34 billion). This tariff will come into effect on July 6, 2018. China also proposes a second round of tariffs of 25 per cent on 114 additional products (worth $16 billion). My comment is similar to that of Renan Lessa Da Costa. They write that China imposed tariffs on imports from the United States on day 423: September 1, 2019, which included “for the first time a 5% tariff on U.S. crude oil.” But if you look at s.51, www.bakermckenzie.com/-/media/files/insight/publications/2018/07/nl_internationaltradecomplianceupdate_jul18.pdf?la=en from the schedule 2 list, the product contains HS27090000 crude oil. This means that, since August 2018, China has applied 25% tariffs on crude oil imports from the United States. An analysis by Goldman Sachs in May 2019 showed that the consumer price index for nine categories of tariff goods increased dramatically compared to a decline in the consumer price index for all other nuclear products.
 The pact aims to open Up Chinese markets to more U.S. companies, increase agricultural and energy exports, and better protect U.S. technology and trade secrets. China has committed to purchase an additional $200 billion in U.S. goods and services by 2021, and is expected to ease some of its tariffs on U.S. products. Day 463: October 11, 2019 – The United States announces a “phase 1” agreement, delaying tariff increases on Chinese goods The CEOs of U.S. steelmakers Nucor Corp, United States Steel Corp, ArcelorMittal SA and Commercial Metals Co have supported Trump`s steel tariffs against China and the Steel UnitederWorks Union.      Scott Paul, President of the Associated Alliance for American Manufacturing, also supported tariffs and rejected proposals to cancel them in the face of the coronavirus pandemic.  In 2019, he criticized the stagnation of trade negotiations, saying, “Trump would have tore any Democrat apart for this result.”  “The United States will begin on September 1st to put an extra 10% inches off the remaining $300 billion of Chinese goods and products in our country,” Trump said in a tweet. The surprise tariff announcement comes after the United States and China only ended trade talks in Shanghai the day before. After the meeting, the White House called the talks “constructive,” adding that China had confirmed its commitment to increase purchases of U.S.
agricultural exports. Republican lawmakers are urging the Trump administration to link any tariff withdrawals to Beijing`s compliance with certain elements of the agreement. Trump says he will not meet with Xi in person until the customs ceasefire expires on March 1, 2019. Earlier, on January 31, Trump announced that