Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said last week that the two countries could conclude negotiations for a new trade deal by January 1. In less than two years, the UK government has concluded trade agreements with 55 countries representing 170 billion pounds of bilateral trade in the United Kingdom. Learn more about this comprehensive free trade agreement, including information on how it helps Canadian businesses, trade statistics, key milestones and chapter summaries. The EU does not have a free trade agreement with Australia. They are negotiating for one, but they are currently working mainly under World Trade Organization (WTO) rules. Canada and the EU have a long history of economic cooperation. With 28 Member States with a total population of more than 500 million euros and a GDP of 13,000 billion euros in 2012, the European Union (EU) is the second largest domestic market in the world, foreign investors and traders. As an integrated bloc, the EU is Canada`s second largest trading partner in goods and services. In 2008, Canadian exports of goods and services to the EU totaled $52.2 billion, an increase of 3.9% over 2007, and imports from the EU amounted to $62.4 billion.
The United Kingdom and Canada are about to sign a new trade agreement to replace the existing British agreement with EU membership. An agreement on the promotion and protection of foreign investment (FIPA) is an agreement to encourage foreign investment. Multinational companies investing in Canada benefit in different ways from Canada`s free trade agreements, including: the EU-Canada Study on Trade Sustainability (SIA), a three-part study commissioned by the European Commission to independent experts and concluded in September 2011, provided a broad prediction of the impact of CETA.    It foresees a number of macroeconomic and sectoral impacts, indicating that in the long run the EU could see real GDP growth of 0.02 to 0.03% as a result of CETA, while it could increase from 0.18 to 0.36% in Canada; The “Investments” section of the report suggests that these figures could be higher when investment increases are taken into account. At the sectoral level, the study predicts that the strongest growth in production and trade will be driven by the liberalization of services and the removal of tariffs on sensitive agricultural products; it also proposes that CETA could have a positive social impact if it contains provisions on the ILO`s core labour standards and the Decent Work Agenda. The study describes a large number of effects in various “cross-cutting” components of CETA: it opposes the controversial NAFTA-style provisions of ISDS; provides for potentially unbalanced benefits of a chapter on public procurement (GP); assuming that CETA will lead to upward harmonization of intellectual property rules, including changes to Canada`s intellectual property laws; and foresees effects on competition policy and several other areas.  Canada`s total trade with NAFTA countries was estimated at $788 billion, or 66.8% of Canada`s total world trade in 2018. Among the most exporting industries were the automotive industry and natural resources. CETA entered into force provisionally on September 21, 2017, meaning that most of the agreement is now in force.
The Czech Republic, Romania and Bulgaria had stated that they would not approve the agreement, which will, in effect, pass to the entire agreement until the visa requirement is lifted for their citizens entering Canada.  All other EU countries have already been visa-exempt in Canada.