Narayanan BG, Aguiar A, McDougall R (2012) World Trade, Aid and Production: GTAP 7 Database. In: Center for Global Business Analysis. Purdue University, West Lafayette A major concern is whether China would use the CPTPP to circumvent tariffs imposed by Trump`s trade war. China could send raw materials to CPTPP members like Vietnam. The factories would send finished products to America and avoid customs. In January 2008, the United States began discussions with Pacific 4 (P4) members on trade liberalization in the financial services sector.  This resulted in 19 rounds of formal negotiations and a series of other meetings, such as. B the meetings of the chief negotiators and ministerial meetings, which culminated in the agreement announced on October 5, 2015. According to analyst and economist B.R. Williams, the United States plays an important role in removing trade barriers and increasing U.S.
investment. Williams says the U.S. wants to create a “broader platform for trade liberalization, particularly across the Asia-Pacific region.”  Scholars C. Li and J. Whalley explore a numerical approach to explaining the liberal effects of the TPP. Li and Whalley use a quantitative balance simulation to study the impact of the TPP on trade liberalization and new markets.  According to the Congressional Research Service, “The Tufts study, as an unconventional framework for the analysis of trade agreements, has attracted particular criticism, while the general equilibrium computable models (CGE) used in Peterson`s study are the norm in commercial analysis.”  Fabio Ghironi, a professor of economics at the University of Washington, describes the models of the World Bank and the Peterson Institute in more favourable terms than Tufts` analysis.  Most income increases would have gone to workers earning more than $87,000 per year.
Free trade agreements contribute to income inequality in high-wage countries. They promote cheaper products from low-wage countries. Given the size of the U.S. economy, the United States plays a central role among the members of the TPP and its participation in the agreement is necessary for the TPP agreement to be fully achieved. To be fully effective, the agreement would have to be ratified by at least six countries by February 2018, 85% of which is the world`s economic output. The United States must be on board to fulfill the last condition. Some countries, including New Zealand, have proposed that some kind of alternative agreement could be possible without the United States. But Japan is not so hopeful. The TPP agreement improves Canada`s industrial trade with Australia, Japan, New Zealand and Malaysia. Industrial sectors include wood and related products, industrial products, metals and minerals, chemicals and plastics, ICT and life sciences products, machinery and equipment and cosmetics.